While I haven't finished it yet, the book I'm reading at the moment is The Art of Language Invention by David J. Peterson, who has created countless conlangs, including many for film and television - including Dothraki and High Valyrian for Game of Thrones and Irathient and Castithian for Defiance. It's the go-to book for language creation, and so far is a 5/5 star read.
What's a conlang?
Conlang is a portmanteau of the phrase constructed language. Conlangs are not fake languages or gibberish, they are real languages that just so happened to have been created intentionally by someone.
Keep in mind as we continue that this post is written with the intention of the general reader understanding it - not the general conlanger.
Ndangi is spoken in the desert nation of, well, Ndangi, on the continent of Mandia. It heavily features nasal phonemes such as m, n, and ng, as well as prenasalized consonants, such as mp, mb, nt, nd, nk, and ng.
The Ndangi writing system, the language's orthography, is unlike what we usually think of as writing. It consists of shapes formed from dots when written on paper, but normally it's not. Typically, it consists of formations of painted beads in traditional bead curtains.
Onoshoan is spoken on the island of Onosho within the Jorunian Archipelago, as well as Onosho's capital, the mainland city of Port Unte. It has an incredibly simple syllable structure of only a single consonant followed by a single vowel.
Because of how simple the Onoshoan syllable structure is, its writing system is a syllabary, similar to that of Japanese's hirigana and katakana syllabaries. It's written typically with brushes, as calligraphy.
Tazakhman is spoken in the nation of Tazakhma (and the disputed West Tazakhma) on the continent of Jorun. It heavily features kh, a sound not in English except for certain dialects of Scottish English. It's pronounced the same as j in Spanish or ch in German. It's very closely related to the next two languages in this post.
Tazakhman is written in the Ukkan script, an alphabet commonly used across Jorun. The script was origionally made to be written on slabs of wood, as Jorun is heavily forested, though nowadays it is usually written on parchment.
Ukkan is a language spread by centuries of empire. It's spoken across every Ukkan dynasty, spanning the middle of Jorun from north to south, and a bit more in northeastern Jorun, just beyond the Ukkan Range of great mountains and the Ukkan Sea, an inland sea like the Caspian on Earth.
Speakers of Ukkan were the first Jorunians to invent writing (not counting Onosho as part of Jorun), and their alphabetical script spread across the land.
Ettaran / Akarnian / Shalian / West Jorunian
West Jorunian is a language spoken in, uh, western Jorun - in the large empire of Ettar. It's also spoken in the east Mandian nation of Akarnod, and the island nation of Shaliod. However, each of these kingdoms calls it something else - Ettaran, Akarnian, or Shalian. West Jorunian is, unlike the other four, not a full language I'm going to create; rather, it'll be a "name language" (only a small vocabulary made for naming things), as it's written in English in the story.
It's, as with Tazakhman and Ukkan, written in the Ukkan alphabet.
Sorry for how short the post is. (I feel like I say that with every one now.) I hope you enjoyed it! Until Tuesday, seeya!